Instructed Eucharist – part 2

by Christine Sine
Ready for communion - Celtic retreat 2011

This is the second of a 2 part series on the instructed Eucharist. Today’s post starts with the creed that is said after the sermon – in the Episcopal church this is the Nicene creed.

The Nicene Creed

Following the sermon, we take a few moments of silence to let the words dwell with us. Then we recite

together the Nicene Creed, which was written in the fourth century to state the Church’s Trinitarian belief in God: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Creed expresses the faith of the whole Church in all times and places.

Although the meaning of some of the phrases are not clear, think of the Creed as a prayer that you share with everyone today who is reciting this creed in their church. And think of it as a prayer you share with everyone who has gone before us who will recited this, and everyone who will come after us. The Creed is part of our communion with all Christians in all times and places.

Some people make the sign of the cross at the end of the creed to remind us that at our baptism we

were sealed with the sign of the cross and made Christ’s own forever. Such acts of reverence are ways in which we show outwardly what we believe inwardly.

The Prayers of the People

We now turn our attention to Christ’s Church and the world. Together, we pray for the Church, for

ourselves, and for the departed. The whole church, past and present, is united together in prayer. The names of persons who are in need of our prayers are added at this point, and there is usually an opportunity for us to speak out loud the names of people for whom we especially want to pray. During the pauses, you are invited to add your own petitions and thanksgivings either aloud or in your heart. These prayers are called “Prayers of the People” because they represent our deepest longings as God’s people at prayer.

The Confession & Absolution

I decided to include the prayer of confession and of absolution in this post after the following explanation.

Now we ask God’s forgiveness for the wrongs we have done individually and collectively as the people

of God. Confession is an important part of prayer whether we do it privately or in church with others. After

the confession is announced, there is a time of silence for private, silent individual confession. Then we recite together the words of confession. After we have made our confession, the Priest says the words of absolution, or forgiveness, assuring us that God has forgiven all of us.

Let us confess our sins against God and our neighbor.

Most merciful God, we confess that we have sinned against you in thought, word, and deed, by what we have done, and by what we have left undone. We have not loved you with our whole heart; we have not loved our neighbors as ourselves. We are truly sorry and we humbly repent. For the sake of your Son Jesus Christ, have mercy on us and forgive us; that we may delight in your will, and walk in your ways, to the glory of your Name. Amen.

Absolution

Almighty God have mercy on you, +forgive you all your sins through our Lord Jesus Christ, strengthen you in all goodness, and by the power of the Holy Spirit keep you in eternal life. Amen.

The Peace

This is the point in the service where we move from the Liturgy of the Word to Holy Communion.We

are first going to pass the peace—an ancient Christian practice suggested by St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 16:20.

Being at peace with each other is a Christian obligation. We are invited to be at “peace” not simply with

those around us, but also with all those we have encountered in the last week. We should use this opportunity to resolve to work harder to be at peace with those we find difficult. In addition, it is important to bring the peace of the Lord to all those in our past who hurt us. It is so easy for us to live with unresolved hurt: in the symbolism of touching the hands of others you are invited to release the pain and hurt that is part of the past. This moment of peacemaking comes immediately before the offertory (the moment when we give of ourselves to God). Jesus instructs us to make sure we are at peace with those around us before bringing our gifts to God (Matt. 5:23–24).

The peace of the Lord be always with you.

And also with you.

The Holy Communion

We now begin the second part of the Eucharist. There are four parts to this half of the service. The

first is our offering of money, food for the poor, and the bread and wine we will use at Communion. The

second part of the Eucharist is the prayer of thanksgiving and the consecration of the bread and the wine.

The third is the breaking of the bread. The fourth is the receiving of communion.

In the early days of the Church, worshippers brought their own bread and wine to the service. The

deacons chose what was needed for the consecration, and the rest was set aside for the poor. Today we have lay people who bring the bread and the wine to the altar. The bread and the wine, along with the money collected for the work of the church, are the offerings that will be presented to God.

The bread and wine are called “oblations”. Bread, wine and our gifts of money represent our lives, our

work, our recreation, our families and our community. In other words, we offer to God all that we have and

all that we do. This is called “stewardship”.

A deacon or priest “sets the table” by laying first a corporal, a white linen cloth, upon which are

placed a chalice, a cup for the wine, and a paten, a plate for the bread. The purpose of the corporal is to hold any crumbs which may come from the bread. Next, wine is poured into the chalice and a little water is added. Adding a little water to the wine was a sign of hospitality in the Middle East in the time of Jesus.

The Great Thanksgiving begins with the offertory sentence which reminds us that all our possessions

are really God’s gifts. The reason we take an offering of money in this part of the service, rather than at some other juncture, is because the fruit of our labor is a part of our Great Thanksgiving. And so we begin with an offertory sentence.

Offertory

Presentation Hymn

The Great Thanksgiving

The Priest now says the Great Thanksgiving. The prayers we use follow an ancient format from the

Second century. They are based on the accounts of the Last Supper primarily found in the Gospel of Luke and the letters of Paul.

We are doing two basic things in the Eucharistic prayer: We are remembering the ancient story, and

sharing in the blessing through the blessing of bread and wine. The prayer remembers the story of the people of God and makes it our own story; and we ask God’s blessing on us through the blessing of the bread and wine in our Communion.

In the Eucharistic prayer, we thank God for the many ways God is present in our lives and for the

many graces given to us. This leads us into a time of remembering—remembering God’s love for us,

remembering how we turned away from God, remembering that God came to us as Jesus Christ to share our

human nature so that we might be brought back to God. We remember Jesus’ last meal with his friends and

the words he spoke over the bread and the wine and we remember his death on the cross.

Once we have remembered the ancient story as our story, we offer our gifts of bread and wine as well

as ourselves and our lives to God. It is our offering that prepares us to invoke the presence of the Holy Spirit, asking that both the bread and wine and we ourselves be sanctified, that is, that we are made holy.

Although the priest says the words, this prayer is prayed by us all together. It is not some magic in the

priests hands that make this meal we share holy, it is our coming together as a family to affirm the thanking, remembering, offering and invoking with a resounding AMEN that makes our bread and wine, and us too, something more than before. Our prayer is completed when we recite together the Lord’s Prayer. In a very real way, the Holy Eucharist is a drama. Together we reenact the offering of Christ to make it real in our lives.

After this follows the part of the service known as the Great Thanksgiving and he Eucharistic prayer. To include these in this post would make it too long but you can find this prayer and in fact all the prayers of this service in The Book of Common Prayer.

The Invitation and Communion

The gifts we gave at the offertory, the bread and the wine, are now returned to us. Because God has accepted these gifts, they are changed. They are for us the Body and Blood of Christ: they become for us love, grace and strength.

(All who seek God and a deeper life in Christ are welcome to participate in Holy Communion. If you do not wish to receive the bread or wine, you are invited to come forward for a blessing. Please cross your arms over your chest to indicate to the priest that you would like a blessing. Gluten-free wafers are available; please make your need known to the minister.)

It is almost time for us to go, but we should not leave before we say together the prayer of thanksgiving. After this, the priest will give us God’s blessing.

Post Communion Prayer

Let us pray.

Loving God, we give you thanks for restoring us in your image and nourishing us with spiritual food in the Sacrament of Christ’s Body and Blood. Now send us forth a people, forgiven, healed, renewed; that we may proclaim your love to the world and continue in the risen life of Christ our Savior. Amen.

The Blessing

We now prepare to leave.

The procession leads us out into the world around us so that we may do the work that God has called us to do, wherever we may be: in our homes, in our schools, in our work and in our play. We have been fed with spiritual Food. God has given us the strength to live our lives as faithful followers of Christ.

We have concluded the Eucharist where we began, in the midst of life, in a world where there is suffering and need. But we are centered, as Christ was, in a life to be lived and shared. The Eucharist is the work of the people of God together. It is not a service confined to Sunday morning. Rather, it is a way of life. It is the essence of life itself.

This is followed by a closing hymn sung while those who have led us in the service process out of the church.

The Dismissal

Now is time for the dismissal. We are not allowed to linger; we are called to get back out into the

world and do the work we are given to do. Finally, the Deacon will send us forth to do the work that God has called us to do, and we all respond by saying with gusto: “Thanks be to God.”

THE DISMISSAL

Go in peace to love and serve the Lord.

Thanks be to God.

This instructed Eucharist originated from the Rev. Jenny Replogle who used the following resources for this instruction: Liturgical Life Principles by Ian Markham and these two websites – http://bookofcommonprayer.blogspot.com/2009/04/instructed-eucharist.html and http://www.instructedeucharist.org). It is used with her permission.

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